In China, many people are removing their money from the state banks and lending it out themselves. The interest rate earned in a state bank account is about one-half the rate of inflation. On the other hand, loaning money to friends, relatives and, even unrelated entrepreneurs can often earn the investor double or more over the inflation rate. The gray market, an underground network of investors and private businesses, moves the cash from lenders to businesses. Judge whether marketing occurred in this situation and justify your conclusions. Appraise the effectiveness of government regulation in controlling markets.
Four factors that is required for marketing to occur. (1) There must be two or more parties with unsatisfied needs. The lenders want to receive a higher interest rate on their funds and the businesses need short-term loans. (2) There must be a desire and an ability to satisfy those needs. The lenders want to receive a higher interest rate on their funds and the businesses need short-term loans. The money is available, since the lenders removed it from the state banks. (3) There must be a way for the parties to communicate. Word-of-mouth from the gray market, an underground network, allows communication between the lenders and businesses. (4) There must be something to exchange. Cash was exchanged in the form of loans, repaid with interest. So, we see that marketing did occur.