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Explain why you think this Classical music form may be satisfying for both 18th century and contemporary listeners Answer

The first movement of Mozart’s Symphony No. 40 in G Minor is based on variations on a three-note motif. Explain why you think this Classical music form may be satisfying for both 18th century and contemporary listeners – and whether it was enjoyable for you.

Mozart was considered a child prodigy, performing throughout Europe. Cite your view on the notion of the child star and the impact of early success on a person who shows exceptional talent or genius. Explain whether you think Mozart’s struggle with sustained success in adulthood was a product of this phenomenon.


Upon listening to the first movement of Mozart’s Symphony No. 40, I immediately recognized it. It is one of Mozart’s more famous pieces of music, and indeed one of the more famous pieces of music that has survived into the modern era. It is a piece I have heard often before, and I like it well. I can recall hearing this piece of music in advertisements for luxury cars and various other upscale items in television commercials. This piece of music, like so many pieces of music that linger in people’s memories, is a complex composition that is founded on a rather simple structure, in this case three notes. This elaboration on a foundation of simplicity has always been a theme of memorable pieces of music, and has endured to become one of the main tenets of contemporary music in our time. Today, composers and arrangers seek to find ways of tying their works to simple foundations, as time has proven that the human ear is drawn to such elements. Repetitions of simple sound patterns, even when covered with other elements, is a fundamentally attractive characteristic of music. Modern music relies on repeated structures in the bass instruments and in the rhythm instruments in order to provide the consistent foundation from which other instruments can take off and illustrate themselves. Whether modern vocal pieces, electronic music, rap and hip-hop, or even jazz, the fundamental facets of combining repeating patterns of simple sounds with creatively varying sounds from other sources which take off from and ultimately return to those same fundamental patterns form the basis for music which western civilization deems memorable and desirable.

Mozart was an 18th century exponent of a condition which has become considerably more frequent, as well as more tragic, in the ages since. More recent history has shown us that when humans become the center of large-scale attention and fame, along with all of the associated facets that come with those, they can find themselves developing into adults amidst a set of circumstances that are typically unhealthy and generally untenable over extended periods of time. Mozart produced and performed music which made him famous early in his life. This talent led him into fame and fortune at that early stage. That fame and fortune set a precedent for him, one which would prove impossible for him to exceed, or even maintain, in adulthood. Whether it was because he had a fixed amount of music in him to create, or because the sum of his experiences in childhood ultimately stunted his ability to evolve along the same trajectory into adulthood, the fact is that Mozart’s output as a composer and performer declined after his twenties. Certainly, outside factors contributed to this decline in popularity (i.e. wars in Eastern Europe shrank the amount of money available to his aristocratic patrons to spend on music), but this also reverberated in its effect on Mozart, as his loss of income ultimately fueled his growing depression, which in turn affected his ability to successfully create music. It must surely have weighed on Mozart in his adulthood to have been introduced and promoted as “the great” or “the prodigy”, since he knew that the accomplishments that had earned him those laurels had happened so long before. For so many who achieve stardom in childhood, it seems that the shadow cast by the greatness of their early life tends to leave their adulthood in a fairly bleak state. It would seem the same happened to Mozart.

Kemp, L. (2003, 10 11). Discovering Music – Mozart: Symphony No. 40 in G minor (K.550). Retrieved 10 21, 2013, from Discovering Music – BBC Radio 3:

Tarantino, T. (2012). Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Symphony, no. 40 in G minor. Retrieved 10 21, 2013, from Todd Tarantino:


The first movement of Mozart’s Symphony No. 40 in G Minor is based on variations on a three-note motif. Explain why you think this Classical music form may be satisfying for both 18th century and contemporary listeners – and whether it was enjoyable for you.

Mozart was considered a child prodigy, performing throughout Europe. Cite your view on the notion of the child star and the impact of early success on a person who shows exceptional talent or genius. Explain whether you think Mozart’s struggle with sustained success in adulthood was a product of this phenomenon.

I particularly liked the piece Allegro Molto performed by Mozart. I feel as though the piece had a modern tempo and composition. With that said I feel his success is partially due to his innovation and ability to think outside of the box. He was one of the first to fully incorporate a clarinet into an orchestra. Furthermore, his music was very different from the aesthetics of Roccos’ music. He was known to take advantage of different themes over time and seeks clarity and order while using different forms of melody. Mozart’s music was very clear, symmetrical, balanced and unified.

Mozart’s musical career started at a very early age. He wrote his first musical composition at the age of six. Hayden even told Mozart’s father that he was the best composer of his time. As Mozart got older he became depressed and went through some life struggles. Because of this it seemed as though he was not able to secure a job until later in life. The textbook states that he was forced to teach composition in order to have additional income. I believe that this could have been what proved to others that he did have skill as this would have led to his famous performances.

Sayre, H. M. (2011). The Humanities: Culture, Continuity and Change (Vol. 2). New York: Pearson Education. Retrieved October 7, 2013

The first movement of Mozart’s Symphony No. 40 in G Minor was originally composed in 1788. Mozart composed this symphony to perform in England, however this never really happened. This symphony is one of Mozart’s most famous symphonies, although it is not clear whether Mozart actually ever performed it. The first movement of Mozart’s Symphony No.40 in G Minor was based upon the variations on a three-note motif. This first movement is really stands out as fast and full of enjoyful movement. This classical music form could be satisfying for both 18th century and contemporary listeners because this music is a combination of high pitch and louder sound. This piece of music has many instruments being played. The major and minor scale in the music relates to both happy and sad moments.

Mozart came from a musical family. His father was an accomplished violinist and minor composer and his older sister was a fine pianist with whom the young Mozart toured Europe. Mozart composed music from the age of five and embarked on a three and a half year tour of Europe. Mozart wrote his first successful opera at age fourteen, which led to further commissions. Mozart is usually credited with having written forty-one symphonies. To me, it sounds strange that Mozart had to struggle with sustained success in adulthood. He was a child prodigy in performing throughout Europe and he showed his excellent performance from childhood. In his adulthood, his masterpieces must have been liked by many and so we can say that his sustained success in his adulthood was a product of his childhood phenomenon but it would little exaggerated to say that he struggled in his adulthood.



John J. Riech.(2009). Culture and Values. Wadsworth Publications of Data.

Sayre, H. M. (2011). The Humanities: Culture, Continuity and Change (Vol. 2). New York: Pearson Education.

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Why do inventories cost so much to maintain? Provide some examples of how cost is associated with carrying an inventory Answer

Why do inventories cost so much to maintain? Provide some examples of how cost is associated with carrying an inventory. Is there anything we can do to lower this cost, and if so, what? In addition to the question above, explain how excess inventories can erode profitability.


Inventory costs can be categorized as follows:

Ordering Cost – Cost of procurement and inbound logistics costs form a part of Ordering Cost. Ordering excess quantity will result in carrying cost of inventory. Whereas ordering less will result in increase of replenishment cost and ordering costs.

Carrying Cost – Inventory carrying involves Inventory storage and management either using in house facilities or external warehouses owned and managed by third party vendors. Inventory management and process involves extensive use of Building, Material Handling Equipments, IT Software applications and Hardware Equipments coupled managed by Operations and Management Staff resources.

Inventory Storage Cost – Inventory storage costs typically include Cost of Building Rental and facility maintenance and related costs. Cost of Material Handling Equipments, IT Hardware and applications, including cost of purchase, depreciation or rental or lease as the case may be.

Cost of Capital/Interest Cost – This cost Includes the costs of investments, interest on working capital, taxes on inventory paid, insurance costs and other costs associate with legal liabilities.

A large inventory cost can result into higher tied up working capital which will mean that the funds that could have been used for some other business related profitable venture has been locked into inventory. A large inventory level result into higher interest cost, insurance cost and taxes for the business.


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Drawing a Card If one card is drawn from a deck, find the probability of getting these results Answer

  1. Drawing a Card If one card is drawn from a deck, find the probability of getting these results.

Probability = Number of desired card / total number of cards

  1. An ace: 4/52 = 1/13
  2. A diamond: 13/52 = 1/4
  3. An ace of diamonds: 1/52
  4. A 4 or a 6: 8/52 = 2/13
  5. A 4 or a club: (13+3)/52 = 16/52 = 4/13
  6. A 6 or a spade: (13+3)/52 = 16/52 = 4/13
  7. A heart or a club: 26/52 = 1/2
  8. A red queen: 2/52 = 1/26
  9. A red card or a 7: (26+2)/52 = 28/52 = 7/13
  10. A black card and a 10: 2/52 = 1/26


  1. Cards If 2 cards are selected from a standard deck of 52 cards without replacement, find these probabilities.

P(two cards) = P(first card) x P(second card)

  1. Both are spades: (13/52)*(12/51) = 1/17
  2. Both are the same suit: 4*(1/17) = 4/17
  3. Both are kings: (4/52)*(3/51) = 1/221


  1. Selecting Cards Find the probability of getting 2 face cards (king, queen, or jack) when 2 cards are drawn from a deck without replacement.

Total number of face cards in the deck = 3*4 = 12

Probability = (12/52)*(11/51) = 11/121



  1. Senate Partisanship The composition of the Senate of the 107th Congress is 49 Republicans 1 Independent 50 Democrats A new committee is being formed to study ways to benefit the arts in education. If 3 Senators are selected at random to head the committee, what is the probability that they will all be Republicans?

P( 3 Senators) = P(1st senator) x P(2nd senator) x P(3rd senator)

P(3 republicans) = (49/100)*(48/99)*(47/98) = 0.11394

What is the probability that they will all be Democrats?

P(3 democrats) = (50/100)*(49/99)*(48/98) = 0.121212

What is the probability that there will be 1 from each party, including the Independent? Source: New York Times Almanac.

P(1 from each party) = 6*(49/100)*(1/99)*(50/98) = 0.01515


  1. Winning Tickets If 50 tickets are sold and 2 prizes are to be awarded, find the probability that one person will win 2 prizes if that person buys 2 tickets.

P(win both prizes) = 2*(1/50)*(1/49) = 0.000816


  1. Exercises 1 through 8 include questions that contain a flaw. Identify the flaw and rewrite the question, following the guidelines presented in this section.
  2. Will you vote for John Doe for class president or will you vote for Bill Jones, the football star?

Irrelevant choices provided, as football star can’t be my class president.

Correction: Will you vote for John Doe for class president or Mike Taylor?


  1. Would you buy an ABC car even if you knew the manufacturer used imported parts?


  1. Should banks charge their checking account customers a fee to balance their checkbooks when customers are not able to do so?
  2. Do you think that students who didn’t attend Friday’s class should not be allowed to take the retest?

There wouldn’t be a retest if students absent of Friday aren’t allowed.

Correction: Do you think that students who didn’t attend Friday’s class should be allowed to take a retest?

  1. How long have you studied for this examination?

Examination is still to be conducted.

Correction: How long have you been studying for this examination?

  1. Which artificial sweetener do you prefer?

No choices are provided to select one as a preference.

Correction: Which artificial sweetener do you like?

  1. If a plane were to crash on the border of New York and New Jersey, where should the survivors be buried?

Dead should be buried, not the survivors.

Correction: If a plane were to crash on the border of New York and New Jersey, where should the dead be buried?

  1. Are you in favor of imposing a tax on tobacco to pay for health care related to diseases caused by smoking?
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Why is it important to follow a process model? Does it have any benefits Answer

Why is it important to follow a process model? Does it have any benefits?

Process Models are well defined processes and procedures that have been used repeatedly for the development of systems. Following one of these processes will help with the definition of what needs to be done, and how it should be done. Selecting the appropriate process model is also important since it can affect the duration of the development process and the overall cost. Process models like waterfall, Incremental-build, Evolutionary, Agile, and Spiral models, can help a software development team with the process of continuous integration, verification and validation, early defect detection, and the early warning processes of potential problems and issues that every project encounters

Software is just like building anything else in the world. To do it effectively and efficiently you need a process. Just like manufacturers have work instructions and procedures on how to build a product, software engineers also need a process to properly build the application. The main objectives of a process is to increase productivity, quality, and improving the workflow within and among tasks to make software development more efficient and more effective. Improved work processes raise the productivity and morale of software developers, which then gets passed on to satisfaction of users and customers.



Competitive Advantage



Better communication

In short, having projects run within pre-established methods that work increase the chances of project success.

Processing models are a set of standards that software engineers use in designing and coding their software. UML or Unified Modeling Language, can be considered a process model because it is the industry standard for modeling software systems.

How do process models help project align? Align with what? Strategic goals? Thoughts?


Process models help to align the project with business/project requirements. Projects will support strategic goals. Whether it’s a software project or remodeling a room you need a plan to do it. Process Models present steps you should take. Our organization is in the early steps of adopting a Scrum framework which, I believe, is one of the best for software development along with RUP. Granted I’m only basing that off of what I have learned and from what those that have done it told me. I personally have never worked on a software development project but I am ScrumMaster certified and have been through other Scrum training. From that training we used software development projects to practice and it just seemed to work well. I have also talked with Sr PM’s and they have stated the same thing.

What are some drawbacks or disadvantages of using a process model?

Processes and procedures serve as a guide for any implementation or project. Not having a defined process could lead to redundancy and an increase in overall project cost. One of the major disadvantages with a process model is that you cannot deviate from the defined process. You have to follow the defined process all the way out. Reducing redundancy saves time and money. Also, you are right about not being able to stop the process once it is started. When we first put our process together it was cumbersome and time consuming. No one liked it and it cause a lot of frustration.

What is another disadvantage of having a process model?

Process model obligates you to follow establish rules and criteria. Kinda like forcing you to follow the rules. in regard to the waterfall model specifically, here are a few disadvantages:

The biggest disadvantage is one of its greatest advantages. You cannot go back a step; if the design phase has gone wrong, things can get very complicated in the implementation phase.

Often, the client is not very clear of what he exactly wants from the software. Any changes that he mentions in between, may cause a lot of confusion.

Small changes or errors that arise in the completed software may cause a lot of problems.

Until the final stage of the development cycle is complete, a working model of the software does not lie in the hands of the client. Thus, he is hardly in a position to inform the developers, if what has been designed is exactly what he had asked for.

What are some drawbacks or disadvantages of using a process model?

Process models are specialized process, procedures, design and arrangements, and systemic procedures used to develop software products and services. However, the impact of global supply chains and outsourcing/off-shoring of software developments activities across the globe, much compartmentalization and different areas of quality assurance, engineering and human capital teams, technology and equipment, and entire systems/processes/quality assurance. and putting together has meant PROCESS MODELS ARE NOT ALWAYS NEEDED. In fact, the large complex software technology, systems, components, and products and services demanded these days may require hundreds if not thousands of software processes and sub processes as they through global supply chain before final development is released. The reliance on one or few models do not simply work and vast range of software/engineering/programming/architectural personalities, visions, leadership, style and approach, trust and risk management has meant process models are not always enforceable during the entire software development process. Both the public and private section have many hundred billions allocated for new software development products and services and now INFORMATION SECURITY THREATS AND RISKS has pushed new trends towards more confidential in house processes and models harder to crack than the mainstream practices. Its about protecting the secrets, competitiveness, control, and insider knowledge of software developments and to prevent leaks and breaches of very critical knowledge that could damage projects and sponsors for a very long time frame. Thus, reliance on process models are decreasing and now with declining software infrastructure as more large scale and critical operations go overseas, there is little software developers can use to ensure the models and processes are done correctly and effective for the software development. Its not an easy process and software developments need a broad and diverse range of high end, high tech, high infrastructure and human capital, and newest and most innovative processes for each stage and process of development is needed and not a very narrow and bland approach. No matter what process model used, it falls short and opportunities for small to medium size software developers and servicers is declining as they are being bought by larger firms or go under because they cant compete or do not have the resources to develop software that meets and exceeds what the market demands. The technology changes too rapidly, costs cant be kept under control, and better wages and opportunities at larger firms means attracting and retaining quality human capital is difficult.


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MPS planners use what is referred to as time fences? What are they, and why are they used Answer

MPS planners use what is referred to as time fences? What are they, and why are they used? (Points : 20)

Ans: The inputs to MRP frequently change. This occurs in one of two ways: by recomputing the requirement and schedule periodically, often weekly, or via a “net change” calculation. Net change in an MRP system means the MRP system creates new requirements in response to trans-actions. However, many firms find they do not want to respond to minor scheduling or quantity changes even if they are aware of them. These frequent changes generate what is called system nervousness and can create havoc in purchasing and production departments if implemented. Time fences is particularly helpful when trying to reduce MRP system nervousness. Time fences allow a segment of the master schedule to be designated as “not to be rescheduled.” This segment of the master schedule is therefore not changed during the periodic regeneration of schedules.

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What were some of the principal reasons why the FCC approved the mergers of SBC Communications, Inc. with AT&T Corp. and Verizon Communications Inc. with MCI, Inc. Answer

What were some of the principal reasons why the FCC approved the mergers of SBC Communications, Inc. with AT&T Corp. and Verizon Communications Inc. with MCI, Inc.? 

According to me i think FCC should have stopped the merger because it doesn’t serve public interest as they claim to, this is because i see a situation where it might become a monopoly by using gains or profit from outside to undermine productive competition. Lets take for example costs of making international calls going to Japan from US might drop drastically for sprint customers but might not be the same to other companies like AT&T, T-Mobile.

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How does health insurance differ from other kinds of insurance? What are the similarities and differences between them Answer

Let’s consider the general concept of insurance. How does health insurance differ from other kinds of insurance? What are the similarities and differences between them?

Next, let’s consider some of the issues that employers face in providing health insurance to their employees. Why has the cost of employer-sponsored health plans increased significantly over the last 5 years?

Private healthcare is funded predominantly through indemnity insurance plans such as Blue Cross Blue Shield, Aetna, and United Healthcare. The public financing of healthcare is accomplished through the Medicare and Medicaid programs. We will examine the complex reimbursement methodologies adopted by public and private payers. We’ll also look at the incentives that are inherent in each methodology and assess how these incentives may impact the operations of payers, providers, and employers. Once the payment methodologies have been identified, we’ll consider what is working and what is not working in terms of provider reimbursement and the challenges faced by employers in providing health insurance. We’ll also look at the triad of care – access, cost, and quality – to assess how reimbursement strategies drive each of these dimensions. The more we learn about the U.S. healthcare system, the more complex it becomes. Our current payment methodologies are very complicated and demonstrate another justification why healthcare reform is so important for the U.S.

Healthcare has become so expensive and the economy crashed in 2009. All employer paid benefits has risen for all employees during this time since most employers can’t afford to take on the burden of paying for full healthcare coverage for an entire family. Some offer different levels of paid benefits, if it is single the company will pay the cost per month and the employee will pay deductibles and co-pays along with co-insurance. If they want to add their family there are different levels of monthly payments coming from the employee along with deductibles, copays and co-insurance. The payment system is complicated and cumbersome for most people to even understand if they are not in involved in healthcare. Or even if they are involved in healthcare all the different payment systems are fragmented.

Why has the cost of employer-sponsored health plans increased significantly over the last 5 years?

First, dominant insurers are rolling over and paying powerful hospitals the rates they demand to be paid, which increase each year because they know that patients do not pay for their own healthcare directly and have no idea what their employer is paying for healthcare.

Second, is the lack of preventive care. Patients will subtle illness either fear going to the doctor for care, or do not want to pay the cost to see the doctor or they just simply do not have the coverage to pay to see a doctor and so they wait. Often times they wait until things get worse and they have no other choice but to go see a doctor, and by this time their treatment is long term and costly.


The compelling solution: reform the employer tax exclusion

The solution to this problem is, from a policy standpoint, simple: equalize the tax treatment of individually-purchased and employer-sponsored health insurance. If more people bought insurance for themselves, more people would understand the tradeoffs between higher prices and access to brand-name hospitals. Those “must-have” hospitals, in turn, would be more reluctant to exploit their market power to raise insurance premiums. And insurers would, in turn, have more ability to walk away from pricey hospitals, instead of rolling over and passing those costs onto their policyholders.


From a health insurance perspective, what is the insurance risk and who bears the risk?   How do insurance premiums reflect this risk?

“The insurer assesses, as accurately as possible, the risk it will bear for covering an individual or a group against specified types and extents of losses (the risk assessment function of insurance)” (Barton, 2009 p. 110). Insurance companies establish the amount of risk they take on in two ways: underwriting process and experience rating. In the underwriting process, actuaries evaluate the possibilities of events happening to whatever is being insured (health, cars, property, etc) and modify as needed. Experience rating utilizes prior claims to predict the likeliness of future claims. Auto insurances utilize experience rating when they evaluate how many traffic violations you as a driver have. A violation will usually cause an increase in your premium.

Barton, P. L. (2009). Understanding the U.S. health service system. (4th ed.). Chicago, IL: Health Administration Press.

An actuary is someone who looks at the data for a population and determines their potential utilization of services which will determine insurance premiums.   What are some characteristics of a population which may drive up health insurance premiums?







An article in the New York Times in the Money & Policy section states that one reason premiums are on the rise is because of the new federal law. Actually, we are paying more for a lot less. It also stated that next year there we be competition among the carriers which will lower the premuims. The name of the article I found online is As Health Costs Soar, G.O.P. and Insurers Differ On Cause. A second reason why premiums are on the rise is because health insurance is very expensive which makes health care expensive. The last reason is the new law ObamaCare. There are many people out there believe this is the main reason.   This law does not prevent premiums from rising. I found out about this information on Reason. com. The name of the article is “Is ObamaCare causing Health Insurance Premiums To Rise?

Characteristics of a population that drive up health insurance premiums are:

1)   People who smoke cigarettes/cigars/pipes, etc.

2)   Overweight or Obese (BMI)

3)   High Blood Pressure

4)   Heart Conditions

5)   Cancer – active, remission, survivor, etc.

6)   Insurance fraud – prior, current, etc.

7)   High cholesterol

8)   Working in highly stressful or dangerous environments

9)   Depression or history of mental illness

10)   Post Traumatic Stress Syndrome (PTSD) from military service or abuse (domestic, sexual, mental, etc.)

Chronic health conditions greatly impact the health insurance premiums. “Nearly half the U.S. population has one or more chronic conditions, among them asthma, heart disease or diabetes, which drive up costs. And two-thirds of adults are either overweight or obese, which can also lead to chronic illness and additional medical spending”.

Some other factors that drive up our health care costs include:

  1. We pay our doctors, hospitals and other medical providers in ways that reward doing more, rather than being efficient.
  2. We’re growing older, sicker and fatter.
  3. We want new drugs, technologies, services and procedures.
  4. We get tax breaks on buying health insurance — and the cost to patients of seeking care is often low.
  5. We don’t have enough information to make decisions on which medical care is best for us.
  6. Our hospitals and other providers are increasingly gaining market share and are better able to demand higher prices.
  7. We have supply and demand problems, and legal issues that complicate efforts to slow spending.

Insurance risk means that there is a possibility that the cost of treating the patient will be higher that the premiums that the patient pays. So the insurance company bears the risk that they will reimburse the hospital for more money than they expected. Insurance premiums can reflect this risk when the healthier people pay less premiums, while those who are unhealthy or engage in riskier activities like smoking cigarettes pay higher premiums.

Do you support the idea that that smokers should pay more for their health insurance as compared to non-smokers? How about individuals who exceed a specific body max index (BMI)?

I would not support the idea of higher premiums for smokers or overweight individuals. It seems as though this will be hard to regulate, especially for families were there is one individual in the family that smokes or is overweight. It wouldn’t be fair to charge the entire family at a higher rate for the behaviors of one individual. I do believe that smokers should pay more for their insurance, because there are so many programs and pills to support a person to quit smoking. Smoking also affects those around you more than obesity does. When a person is fat, it only effects how they themselves breathe, look, feel, health, etc. When a person smokes, their habit affects the air that others breathe. It also has been stated several times that 2nd hand smoke is worse than first hand. I have never understood how this could be true and still to this day, don’t really know if it is true; however, I know that smoking has an effect on others besides yourself and therefore, for the good of the masses, we should do all that we can to help people stop smoking.

I wouldn’t necessarily agree with smokers paying more for their health insurance because there are other things that people do that harm their bodies such as alcohol or drugs. Just because they smoke doesn’t mean that they will have health issues. They can pay the same premium but if they are required to have more doctor visits, then they will pay the difference.


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Supply base rationalism seeks to reduce the suppliers in which an organization deals directly Answer

Supply base rationalism seeks to reduce the suppliers in which an organization deals directly to a smaller number of strategic suppliers. How does this process work? What are the benefits to each of the players in this relationship? Document your sources. Respond to at least two of your fellow classmates’ postings.


Harrison & van Hoek (2011) stated “paradoxically, the first step to managing the supply base for value through relationships is to get rid of the majority of suppliers.  The rationale for this action is the inability of a focal firm to allocate development resources to suppliers when there are simply too many of them” (p. 314).  Wheatley (1998) stated “vendor reduction brings two immediate benefits.  Typically prices improve as vendors fight to retain business.  And suppliers’ quality and delivery performance improve as a focus on things such as delivery performance or quality forces vendors to shape up – or find themselves de-listed” (para. 6).  The first step of the process is to thoroughly understanding your customer’s critical-to-success (CTQ) factors.  The best way to complete this step is to utilize the Six Sigma approach of first gathering voice-of-the-customer (VOC) and translating this information into the actual CTQs.  This step help develop the supply chain strategy.

The second step is aligning the internal organization to those CTQs.  Harrison & van Hoek (2011) stated “without that it will be hard to know exactly what to buy and what opportunities in the supply market are most valid to consider” (p. 305).  Once the internal operation understands the CTQs and strategy, it will be much easier for the organization to develop metrics to determine which suppliers meet the partnership criteria.

Then, companies can reach past their four walls.  CIO Canada (2002) stated “the best performers have already linked their operation with those of their customers, suppliers, and logistics providers.  They know their own performance metrics, and those of all the partners in the supply chain.  They have visibility from the beginning to the end of their supply chain, and can make cost and volume adjustments before it’s too late” (para. 21).

Segmenting the supply base into categories such as bottleneck items, non-critical items, and leverage items can help organize suppliers within each category.  To rate each supplier, it is best to select a cross-functional team of stakeholders, establish the rating criteria, agree on the effective weighting for each criteria, and score each supplier’s performance.  Typical criteria used to rank suppliers include quality, responsiveness, discipline, delivery, financial, management, technical capability, and facility.  Based on my direct experience on this subject, it might be very important to add a category that rates each suppliers’ continuous improvement level and ability to work together to create joint product designs.


CIO Canada, 10(12), 0.  (2002).  Five steps to better supply chain value. Retrieved from

Harrison, A. & van Hoek, R. (2011). Logistics management and strategy: Competing through the supply chain (4th ed).  London, England: Prentice Hall Financial Times. ISBN: 978-0-273-73022-4

Wheatley, M. (1998). Seven secrets of effective supply chains. Management Today, , 78-86. Retrieved from


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HCS 449 Week 3 Individual Personal Action Plan

Personal Action Plan


An action plan is a detailed, step-by-step plan for accomplishing an identified goal. Complete your personal action plan by answering the questions below. Refer to the program outcomes as a guide while answering your questions.


Program Outcomes


  1. Graduates will be able to identify the structure and role of delivery systems within the health care industry.
  2. Graduates will be able to examine the components of management and leadership within health care organizations.
  3. Graduates will be able to analyze the utilization and application of technology within a health care organization.
  4. Graduates will be able to examine the application of risk and quality management concepts in the health care industry.
  5. Graduates will be able to examine the impact of legal and regulatory requirements on the delivery of health care.
  6. Graduates will be able to explore financial and economic issues in the health care industry.

Part I

A personal action plan is a plan you develop to meet personal goals. Instead of focusing on a career goal, consider the personal goals that might help you eventually meet your career goal, or think of goals you want to accomplish for personal satisfaction. These often relate to education or professional development, aside from the focus of your chosen career. In developing a personal action plan, you will look at your personal strengths and weaknesses and your ability to think strategically, and you will identify the goals you want to achieve. Answer the following questions to help you prepare for your action plan.

Based on the program outcomes listed above, your program reflection from Week Two, and your program questionnaire from Week One, what would you identify as your greatest strengths?

One of my greatest strength is being social and very easy to get along with that is my strength I would say as a person. The reason why I would state this is because everyone that I have known or barley new told me out of everyone they have met I was the easiest and the most understanding person they have met. I like to listen to people and give good eye contact when they are talking some people tend to just move around and do different kinds of things when people are talking I stay focused on the person and listen.

Based on the program outcomes listed above, your program reflection from Week Two, and your program questionnaire from Week One, what would you identify as areas you need to improve?

One of things I should focus on is communicating and also not being shy when it comes to presentation and stuff around all of people that is what I think I need to improve because then I tend to start sweating and getting all nervous. My teachers always told me and also my mentors told me never to let them see you sweat it just the way it goes even when you are trying to be a seller of any kind you never want to see you sweat.

How do you feel you have accomplished the ability to strategize and critically think during the course of your program?

I have accomplished a lot in this time of my education I have learned many different kinds of things like learning about floor plans and managements techniques in this class. Which I think is very helpful when it comes to my work I tend to deal with a lot of people and help whatever I can and also dealing with robots so have to make sure I do understand what is going on around and also the people if they need any kind of help I would be there to give that kind of care. I also learned how to strategize the time with my education and also my work so that I don’t get caught up in school and work so I learned how to deal with the time and also work.

How have your ethical and personal perspectives evolved since you started this program?

I have learned a lot of different kinds of things from this program the way different kinds of people different kinds of things and also the way they think we are all different and we all do things a certain way this is the way we learn and how to do things better and understand the different kinds of cultures and the way we do things. Ever since I been in this education I have learned many different kinds of ways that I have learned from my classmates and the way they do things which was very interesting and amazing the way they were doing things in this education.

Based on your answers above, identify at least three areas where you can improve by setting a personal goal. Use these areas to create your goals in Part II of this worksheet.

Communication, Presentations, being shy are the three things that I need to improve on and the way to do things is to make sure that I can set goals to make sure that I can do them.
Part II

Generate your action plan by completing the table below. Identify at least three goals you would like to meet with this action plan. Research action plans on the Internet for help in completing this table.


  Goal How will I accomplish this goal? Who needs to be involved? When will it be done? What resources are needed? What obstacles may arise? How will I overcome these obstacles?
Example Goal I want to better understand the role technology will play in the future of health care. I will read trade journals and magazines and talk to people in different positions in health care. Myself and those I interview. It will really be ongoing, but the initial phase should be done in 6 months, by June 15, 2011. I need to join some trade organizations in order to read their articles. I also need to find people in different health care careers to interview. People may not have an opinion or their opinions may differ from the trade journals. I might have a hard time finding journals or magazines. I think developing really detailed questions and being consistent will help. Also, I might have to contact trade organizations to ask for help.
Goal 1




I want to understand more about communication. To learn and understand more about people and the communication Myself and also everyone that I can communication with. It would be nice to be done when I can communicate with people all better Any kind of resources that I can about communication There will be a lot of obstacles that will arise and I will be ready for whatever comes. Just don’t be shy and communicate with anyone that I can to understand more about communicating
Goal 2 Being Shy Just communication and being more open to people and just go out there Everyone needs to be involved that I can communicated with so that I can stop being shy When I get the fear of not being shy anymore Learning and understand the different kinds of ways to stop being shy. Fear of being shy and not understand Don’t be affarid
Goal 3 Presentations Don’t be scared and just go and do it People that I can presentation to. When I can presentation without sweating Watching people and learning different kinds of techniques People not understanding Go out there and just do it
Goal 4 vocabulary Learn more and also read a little more to learn more vocabulary. Books and people When I learn as much as I can know Books and reading Not understanding the words Learn and be reading a lot of books